These terms appear in Green Seal’s GS-52 Standard for Specialty Cleaning Products for Household Use and GS-53 Standard for Specialty Cleaning Products for Industrial and Institutional Use.
Adhesive Remover Product. A product intended for the purpose of removing adhesive from either a specific substrate or a variety of substrates.
Aerosol Packaging. A package that requires a pressurized propellant to dispense product through a nozzle.
Air Freshener. Products designed or labeled for the purpose of masking odors, freshening, scenting or deodorizing the air.
Antimicrobial Agent. A substance intended to disinfect, sanitize, reduce or mitigate growth or development of microorganisms and protect inanimate objects, industrial processes or systems, surfaces, water or other chemical substances from contamination, fouling or deterioration caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae or slime.
Antimicrobial Pesticide Product. An EPA-registered antimicrobial pesticide product or a minimum risk pesticide product intended for and capable of disinfecting, sanitizing, reducing or mitigating growth or development of microorganisms and protecting inanimate objects, industrial processes or systems, surfaces, water or other chemical substances from contaminating, fouling or deterioration caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae or slime.
Asthma. A chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that impairs breathing. Asthma affects children and adults, may be intermittent or persistent and is further classified as mild, moderate or severe. The chronic inflammation associated with variable airflow obstruction commonly causes difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and/or chest pain. Symptoms may occur during exposure, immediately after exposure or up to 24 hours later in a “late phase,” frequently interrupting sleep. They also may resolve completely between active episodes.
Asthmagen. A substance designated as an asthma-causing agent by the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC).
Automatic Dish Cleaning Product. A product intended to clean dishes, utensils, pots, pans, glasses, cups or other foods service tools for use in household automatic dishwashers.
Bilge Cleaning Product. A product intended to clean the lowest interior compartment in a boat.
Biobased. The content of a product that is from biological products or renewable materials, forestry or agricultural materials , including plant, animal and marine materials.
Boat Cleaning Product. Designed to clean aluminum, fiberglass and wood surfaces of boats. These products are designed to remove algae and marine residues, grease and rust. Hull cleaning products are considered boat cleaning products.
Boat Wax, Polish, Sealant or Glaze Product. A product designed to seal out moisture, increase gloss or otherwise enhance a boat’s surface. For the purpose of this standard, products that are intended as wash and wax products are considered boat vehicle wax, polish, sealant or glaze and boat cleaning products.
Carcinogen. A substance listed as a known, probable, reasonably anticipated or possible human carcinogen by any of the following agencies or programs: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC Groups 1, 2A and 2B); National Toxicology Program (NTP Groups 1 and 2); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Integrated Risk Information System (EPA IRIS weight-of-evidence classifications A, B1, B2, C, carcinogenic, known/likely human carcinogen, likely to be carcinogenic to humans and suggestive evidence of carcinogenicity or carcinogen potential); Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA as carcinogens under 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.1003(a)(1)) and those chemicals that fall into Carcinogenicity Hazard Category 1A and 1B under the Globally Harmonized System for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).
Certified-Organic Component. A component certified as organic (by meeting the USDA organic standards) by a USDA-accredited certifying agent or programs determined to be equivalent by or have recognition agreements with the USDA NOP (National Organic Program).
Chewing Gum Remover Product. A product designed to remove chewing gum from floors, carpets, furniture and upholstery.
Child Labor. Work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity and that is harmful to physical and mental development. To avoid child labor the International Labor Organization (ILO) provides the following instruments: Minimum Age Convention (e.g., a minimum age not less than 15 and 18 for hazardous work) and the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention.
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity. Long-lasting adverse effects to aquatic organisms. Substances that are classified as long-term hazards to the aquatic environment are in hazard categories 1 through 4 (H410 through H413) under the GHS.
Closed Dilution-Control System. Systems that control the dilution of a concentrate product so that the undiluted product cannot be practically accessed by users.
Colony Forming Unit (CFU). A measure of bacteria concentration assuming that each bacterium is capable of forming a colony.
Color Component. A product component, such as a dye or pigment, whose only function is to change the product’s color.
Component. A deliberate addition to the product added at any level or a contaminant that was not deliberately added but is known to be present above 0.01% (100 parts per million), by weight, in the product. Naturally occurring elements and chlorinated organics, which may be present as a result of chlorination of the water supply, are not considered components if the concentrations are below the applicable maximum contaminant levels in the National Primary Drinking Water Standards found in 40 CFR Part 141.
Concentrate. A product, as sold, that must be diluted by water prior to its intended use.
Critical Medical Devices. An item used in medical procedures that confers a high risk for infection if it is contaminated with any microorganism. This includes objects that enter sterile tissue or the vascular system, which must be sterile, including, but not limited to: surgical instruments, cardiac and urinary catheters, implants and ultrasound probes used in sterile body cavities.
Deck, Siding and Outdoor Furniture Cleaning Product. A product intended to remove common soils from outdoor surfaces, including wooden, brick, concrete or stone decks, patios, furniture, siding and fences.
Direct Release Product. A product that is intended for use outdoors that is likely to bypass sewage treatment with a high likelihood of being discharged directly to storm sewers or the aquatic environment, shortening the time for degradation prior to entering sensitive environments. This may include, but not be limited to, motor vehicle cleaning products, boat cleaning products, deck, siding and outdoor furniture cleaning products and graffiti removers. For the purpose of this standard motor vehicle windshield washing fluid is not considered a direct release product.
Dish Cleaning Product. A product intended to clean dishes, utensils, pots, pans, glasses, cups and other food service tools in household settings. This includes automatic dish cleaning products and hand dish cleaning products and for the purposes of this standard it also includes rinse agent products used in automatic dishwashers.
Disinfecting. Destroying or irreversibly inactivating infectious microorganisms but not necessarily their spores or inanimate objects or surfaces.
Dusting Aid Product. A product designed or labeled to assist in removing dust and other soils from floors and other surfaces without leaving a wax or silicone-based coating.
Electronic Cleaning Product. For the purposes of this standard this includes electronic and electrical cleaners included in the CARB Consumer Product Regulation. Electronic cleaning products are designed and labeled for the removal of dirt, moisture, dust, flux or oxides from the internal components of electronic or precision equipment such as circuit boards, and the internal components of electronic devices, including but not limited to, radios, compact disc (CD) players, digital video disc (DVD) players and computers. Electrical cleaning products are designed and labeled to remove heavy soils, such as grease, grime or oil from electrical equipment, including, but not limited to, electric motors, armatures, relays, electric panels or generators.
Enzyme. A protein that acts as a catalyst in biochemical reactions. Each enzyme is specific to a particular reaction or group of similar reactions.
EPA-Registered Antimicrobial Pesticide Product. An antimicrobial pesticide product registered with the EPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA, 7 U.S.C. 136) or registered with Health Canada’s Pesticide Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA).
Fragrance. An additive often (but not limited to) a multi-component additive used in a product with the purpose of imparting or neutralizing a scent in the product.
Furniture Polish Product. A product used for cleaning and improving the appearance of furniture finishes. It does not include products designed solely for the purpose of cleaning or dusting, floor polish products or products designed to leave a permanent finish (e.g., stains, finishes).
General Purpose Cleaning Product. A product used for routine cleaning of hard surfaces, including impervious flooring, such as concrete, stone surfaces or tile. This does not include cleaning products intended primarily for the removal of rust, mineral deposits or odors. This does not include products intended primarily to strip, polish or wax floors and it does not include cleaning products intended primarily for cleaning dishes, laundry, toilets, restrooms, glass, carpets, upholstery, wood or polished surfaces, nor does it include biological cleaning products. Another term used for these cleaning products may be multi-surface cleaning products. For the purposes of this standard this definition applies to any product containing microorganisms or enzymes that is marketed as a general purpose cleaning product.
Genetically Modified Microorganism (GMM). A microorganism in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination. The methods or techniques by which GMM are produced are listed by the European Commission Directive 2009/41/EC on the Contained Use of Genetically Modified Microorganisms.
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). The GHS established hazard classes and means for classifying substances; clarification based on these hazards has been listed by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and the ex-European Chemicals Bureau (ex-ECB) or is disclosed on a Safety Data Sheet.
Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). Incorporation of quality practices and procedures, such as those included in the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Inspection Operations Manual, to minimize the risk of adulterated or misbranded products.
Graffiti Remover Product. A product used to remove graffiti markings (spray paint, ink, marker, crayon, lipstick, nail polish or shoe polish) from masonry and a variety of non-cloth or non-fabric substrates. Products labeled for use as both a paint remover and graffiti remover are included, however products labeled for use only as paint removers are not included.
Haber’s Rule. For a given toxic gas, the concentration of gas multiplied by the duration of exposure equals a constant (C x t = k); for example, doubling the concentration will halve the time for a given toxic effect.
Hand Dish Cleaning Product. A product labeled and intended for manual washing of dishes, utensils, pots, pans, glasses, cups and other food service tools.
Halogenated Organic Solvent. An organic solvent containing halogens, including, but not limited to, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, astatine and iodine.
Household Use. Use of products that are typically sold to consumers (usually through retail outlets such as stores or online sites) for their own personal use rather than for professional use. This typically includes, but is not limited to, cleaning their households or personal property.
Industrial and Institutional Use. Use of products that are typically sold to cleaning professionals for cleaning of commercial or institutional facilities. This typically includes, but is not limited to cleaning government agencies, factories, sanitariums, prisons, restaurants, hotels, stores, automobile service and parts centers, health clubs, theaters, transportation companies, hospitals, schools, libraries, auditoriums, office complexes and similar properties where any residential areas and common/public space are typically cleaned by professionals (e.g., in-house or contract service providers rather than when the residents are responsible for cleaning tasks).
Intentional Introduction. The act of deliberately utilizing a material in the formation of a package or packaging component where its continued presence is desired in the final package or packaging components to provide a specific characteristic, appearance or quality.
Leather Cleaning Product. A product designed to clean or improve the appearance of leather.
Metal Cleaning Product. A product designed primarily to improve the appearance of finished metal, metallic or metalized surface by physical or chemical action.
Microorganism. An organism that cannot be seen by the naked eye (microscopic organisms) including, but not limited to, bacteria, fungi, archaea and protists. Also included in this category are viruses or virus-like particles, although they generally are regarded as non-living.
Minimum Risk Pesticide. A special class of antimicrobial pesticide products that are not subject to federal registration requirements through the EPA because they meet specific requirements under section 25(b) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rhodenticide Act (FIFRA), including, but not limited to, that the components, both active and inert, are demonstrably safe for the intended use.
Motor Vehicle Cleaning Product. A detergent, shampoo, rinse and multipurpose cleaning product used to clean and maintain the interior and exterior surfaces of cars, trucks, motorcycles, recreational vehicles and other motor vehicles. For the purposes of this standard, tire and wheel cleaning products are separate from motor vehicle cleaning products.
Motor Vehicle Dressing Product. A product designed to enhance gloss and create a protective barrier on internal and external rubber vinyl and plastic surfaces of motor vehicles.
Motor Vehicle Windshield Washing Fluid Product. A motor vehicle cleaning product designed or labeled for use in a motor vehicle windshield washer fluid system for the purpose of cleaning, washing, bug removal or wetting the windshield. Winter formula products include components to depress the freezing point.
Motor Vehicle Wax, Polish, Sealant or Glaze Product. A product designed to seal out moisture, increase gloss or otherwise enhance a motor vehicle’s painted surfaces including, but not limited to, rubbing and polishing compounds, instant detailer and hard paste wax. Products designed for use on unpainted surfaces, such as bare metal, chrome, glass or plastic, are excluded. For the purposes of this standard, products that are intended as wash and wax products are considered both motor vehicle wax, polish, sealant or glaze and motor vehicle cleaning products.
Mutagen. A substance designated as known to induce, be regarded as if they induce or which cause concern for humans owing to the possibility that they may induce heritable mutations in the germ cells of humans and thus meet the criteria for germ cell mutagenicity hazard categories 1 and 2 (H340 and 341) under the GHS.
Natural Color Component. A color component that comes from biological products or renewable materials, forestry or agricultural materials (including plant, animal and marine materials) or minerals.
Natural Component. A component that comes from materials found in nature, including mineral, forestry, agricultural or biological materials such as, but not limited to, animal products produced by the animal but not part of the animal; do not contain petroleum or petroleum-derived compounds; do not contain transgenic hybrid organisms (inserted deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that originated in a different species); have been processed without irradiation; and are not chemically altered.
Naturally-Derived Component. A component that is partially chemically altered without petroleum components and have been minimally processed such that they not be altered to such an extent that they are substantially less biodegradable or more toxic.
Neurotoxin/Systemic Toxin. A substance designated as producing a specific target organ toxicity arising from either single exposure or repeated exposure and meets the criteria for hazard categories 1 or 2 (H370, H371, H372 and H373) under the GHS or R48 danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure.
Odor Remover Product. A product designed or labeled to inhibit the ability of soils to create malodors or functions to entrap, encapsulate, neutralize, convert or eliminate malodor molecules through a physio-chemical process that is not simply masking or overpowering odors.
Optical Brightener. An additive designed to enhance the appearance of colors and whiteness in materials by absorbing ultraviolet radiation and emitting blue radiation. These compounds are also known as fluorescent whitening agents.
Optical Lens Cleaning Product. A product designed to remove oil, grease and other common soils from exposed hard surfaces of optical equipment including glasses, photography equipment and microscopes. Cleaning products for contact lenses are excluded.
Organic Compound. Any member of a large class of chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon, with the exception of carbides, carbonates, cyanides, diamond and graphite.
Oven Cleaning Product. A product intended for use in removing organic soil from metallic or porcelain surfaces of ovens, barbeques, fryers and grills.
Ozone-Depleting Compound. A compound with an ozone-depletion potential greater than 0.01 (Chlorofluorocarbon – CFC 11=1) according to the EPA list of Class I and Class II Ozone-Depleting Substances or any substances or mixtures falling into category I (H420), hazardous to the ozone layer, under the GHS.
Package. This includes the primary package and any secondary package used for the product.
Pathogenic Microorganism. For the purpose of this standard this includes coliforms, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and yeasts and molds.
Post-Consumer Material. Material that would otherwise be destined for solid waste disposal, having completed its intended end-use and product life cycle. Post-consumer material does not include materials and by-products generated from, and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing and fabrication process.
Pressurized Gas Duster Product. A pressurized product labeled to remove dust from a surface solely by means of mass air or gas flow, including surfaces, such as photographs, photographic film, negatives, computer keyboards and other types of surfaces.
Primary Package. Package material that physically contains and contacts the product, not including the cap or lid. For products sheathed in a dissolvable film, the film components are considered product components rather than packaging material.
Printing Press Cleaning Product. A product designed to remove loosely held uncured inks, uncured coatings and contaminants from ink application equipment.
Product As Used. The most concentrated form of the product that the manufacturer recommends for a product’s intended use. For example, if a manufacturer recommends a product be diluted 1:64 or 2:64 for use, the product shall meet the health and environmental requirements at a dilution of 2:64.
Recyclable. The package can be collected in a substantial majority of communities, separated or recovered from the solid waste stream and used again or reused in the manufacture or assembly of another package or product through an established recycling program.
Refillable Package. A package that is routinely returned to and refilled by the product manufacturer at least five times with the original product held by the package and demonstrated in practice. For the purpose of this standard the product manufacturer or the product manufacturer’s agent may refill a package.
Renewable Material. A material that is rapidly generated in nature including, but not limited to, agricultural products and biomass like cellulosic materials.
Reproductive Toxin. A substance listed as a reproductive toxin (including developmental, female and male toxins) by the State of California under the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (California Code of Regulations, Title 22, Division 2, Subdivision 1, Chapter 3, Sections 1200, et. Seq., also known as Proposition 65); or a substance designated as Category 1 (H360), known or presumed reproductive toxicant or Category 2 (H361), suspected human reproductive toxicant, or having adverse effects on or via lactation (H362), under the GHS.
Respiratory Sensitizer. A substance designated as Category 1 for respiratory sensitization (H334), leading to hypersensitivity of the airways following inhalation under the GHS.
Restroom Cleaning Product. A product used to clean hard surfaces in restrooms such as counters, walls, floors, fixtures, basins, tubs, toilets, urinals and tile. Other terms used for these cleaning products may include bathroom cleaning products, toilet bowl cleaning products or urinal cleaning products. For the purpose of this standard, this definition applies to any product containing microorganisms or enzymes, which is marketed as a restroom cleaning product.
Rinse Agent Product. A product which is formulated to improve the drying effect and the appearance of articles cleaned by means of automatic household dishwashing machines.
Rust Stain Remover Product. A product designed to remove rust stains from a variety of surfaces including, but not limited, to toilet bowls, toilet tanks, sinks, tubs, tile and showers, appliances, water softeners and concrete exterior walls. This product category includes water softener cleaners.
Sanitizing. Reducing but not necessarily eliminating microorganisms from the inanimate environment to levels considered safe as determined by public health codes or regulations.
Secondary Packaging. Packaging used to contain the primary package(s) and typically used for merchandising. For instance, in the case of automatic dishwashing tablets individually wrapped in a plastic film, the secondary packaging is the box or bag containing packaged tablets. This does not include case or shipping packaging, the primary package, cap or lid.
Semicritical Medical Device. An item used in medical procedures that contacts mucous membranes or non-intact skin. This category includes respiratory therapy and anesthesia equipment, some endoscopes, laryngoscope blades, esophageal manometry probes, cystoscopes, anorectal manometry catheters and diaphragm fitting rings.
Serious Eye Damage. The production of tissue damage in the eye or serious physical decay of vision following application of a test substance to the anterior surface of the eye, which is not fully reversible within 21 days of the application. This includes substances identified under Category 1 for Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation (H318) under the GHS.
Skin Corrosion. The production of irreversible damage to the skin, namely visible necrosis through the epidermis and into the dermis, following the application of a test substance for up to 4 hours. Corrosive reactions are typified by ulcers, bleeding, bloody scabs and, the end of observation at 14 days, by discoloration due to blanching of the skin, complete areas of alopecia and scars. This includes substances designated as Category 1A, 1B or 1C for Skin Corrosion/Irritation (H314) under the GHS.
Skin Sensitizer. A substance that will lead to an allergic response following skin contact. Identified under Category 1 for skin sensitization (H317) under the GHS.
Specialty Cleaning Product. A product marketed and intended for specialized uses and antimicrobial pesticide products.
Spray Packaging. A package that dispenses the product through a nozzle and the product is in small droplets (i.e., a spray). It does not require a pressurized propellant to dispense the product.
Source-Reduced Package. A package that has at least 20% less material (by weight) compared to containers commonly used for that product type. For bag-in-the-box type packages, the box is included in the weight if the box is used during product use or in product merchandising.
Surfactant. A compound that reduces interfacial tension between two liquids or a liquid and a solid. This includes detergents, wetting agents and emulsifiers.
Synthetic Component. A component created artificially rather than naturally or from natural components. For the purpose of this standard, naturally-derived components are not considered synthetic components.
Tack-Back Program. A program sponsored by the original product manufacturer that has been demonstrated to receive at least 50% of sold packages for recycling or reuse.
Tire and Wheel Cleaning Product. A product designed or labeled exclusively to clean either tires, wheels or both.
Third-Party Certification Program. A program without any financial interest or stake in the sales of the product or service being certified or other conflict of interest. There must be a standard to base the certification upon and the standard must be appropriate and meaningful for its intended purpose. The standard must be publically available and developed with stakeholder input. Certification to the standard must be completed by an independent party (e.g., not the manufacturer of the product being certified), include site inspections and have a monitoring program to verify ongoing compliance.
Toxic Release Inventory Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (TRI PBT) Chemicals. The chemicals listed by the EPA on the Toxic Release Inventory as Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) Chemicals.
Undiluted Product. The most concentrated form of the product produced by the manufacturer for transport outside its facility.
Upholstery Cleaning Product. A product designed or labeled for the purpose of eliminating dirt or stains on objects upholstered or covered with fabrics, such as wool, cotton, nylon or other synthetic fabrics, including but not limited to products used on household furniture.
Waterless Motor Vehicle Cleaning Product. A motor vehicle cleaning product that is not rinsed with water following application. For the purpose of this standard, products that are intended as waterless wash and wax products are considered both motor vehicle wax, polish, sealant or glaze and waterless motor vehicle cleaning products. These products may also be known as spray and wipe products.
World Health Organization (WHO) Risk Group 1. Microorganisms that are unlikely to cause human or animal disease under the basis for classification designed by the World Health Organization in the Laboratory Biosafety Manual. In the case that a particular strain has conflicting risk group designations on various international lists, the most hazardous (highest level) designation will be utilized. The biosafety designation lists that be consulted include:
· Australia/New Zealand
· United Kingdom
· United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health (NIH)
· European Commission
Green Seal Definition of Terms: Created on September 6th, 2011. Last Modified on September 12th, 2011
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